Sciatica: What is it?


Sciatica is back pain caused by a problem with the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is a large nerve that runs from the lower back down the back of each leg. When you injure, or something puts pressure on the sciatic nerve, it can cause pain in the lower back that spreads to the hip, buttocks, and leg.

- Web MD

Causes:

Sciatica is caused by irritation of the root(s) of the lower lumbar and lumbosacral spine.

Common causes include:

  • Being overweight

  • Not exercising regularly

  • Wearing high heels

  • Sleeping on a mattress that is too hard or too soft.

  • Lumbar spinal stenosis (narrowing of the spinal canal in the lower back)

  • Degenerative disc disease (breakdown of discs, which act as cushions between the vertebrae)

  • Spondylolisthesis (a condition in which one vertebra slips forward over another one)

  • Pregnancy

  • Muscle spasm in the back or buttocks

Treatment Options:

  1. Mechanical traction

  2. Spinal manipulation

  3. Acupuncture

  4. Stretching exercises

  5. Strengthening exercises



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